Battle of Berryville


Hello, I’m Park Ranger Eric Campbell and
today 150 years ago occured the Battle of Berryville on September 3rd 1864. This
clash occurs following a month of maneuvering in the northern end of the
Shenandoah Valley between General Early’s Army of the Valley and General
Philip Sheridan Army of the Shenandoah. It was a meeting engagement, these two
armies were marching on separate roads towards Berryville when they would clash
just west of town the Union force was the 8th Corps a division commanded by
Colonel Thoburn and met the initial Confederate advance a division of
Confederates led by Richard Anderson. The initial Confederate thrust along the
Berryville pike behind me drove Thoburn’s men in confusion nearly off the
battlefield. However, Union reinforcements came up in
the nick of time, counter attacked and eventually restabilized and held the
Union lines in the growing darkness of twilight muzzle flashes would have lit
up the night as the battle sputtered to a conclusion. Total casualties just under
200 for the Union Army and the Confederates suffered about 250. Though
small in size this battle is important for it sets up the next significant
engagement in the Shenandoah Valley Sheridan’s army stayed in this area for
almost two weeks before finally advancing westward towards Winchester on
September 19th which leads to the Battle of 3rd Winchester and the
ultimate downfall of the Confederacy here in the Shenandoah Valley.

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