Battle of Stalingrad 1942-1943 – World War II DOCUMENTARY

Unlike the wars of previous eras modern
wars are rarely decided with one battle and even when there is a battle that
changed me fortunes of the belligerents it is often longer in duration and less
decisive in its nature still the keen observer will find the key battles in
any conflict and Stalingrad was one of those for the Second World War this
battle raged on for six months and was one of the bloodiest in history after sweeping through Poland in a month
through Norway in two months and through the Low Countries and France in six
weeks continental Europe was in the confident grip of Nazi Germany this
enabled Hitler to concentrate on the USSR in 1941 the offensive against the
Soviet Union allowed Germany to capture Belarus Ukraine Baltic countries and
other territories and besieged Moscow and Leningrad nevertheless Operation
Barbarossa failed to defeat the Soviets in one single campaign despite heavy
losses taken by the Red Army the main target of the German offensive in 1942
was Stalingrad and the oil reserves in the Caucasus Hitler believed that
destroying the industrial capacity of Stalingrad capturing the main oil
reserves of the Soviet Union and taking control of the Volga which had key
importance for transportation within the country would prove to be a decisive
blow against the Soviets also Stalingrad obviously carried a symbolic importance
for both sides by virtue of being named after Stalin this offensive was
codenamed foul blue case blue the German army concentrated in eastern Ukraine was
divided into two Army Group a under command of Vilhelm list with the 17th
army and the 1st Panzer Army was ordered to march southwards towards the oil
fields of the Caucasus army Group B consisting of the 6th German Army and
4th Panzer army two Romanian armies one Italian and one Hungarian army was to
secure control of the Volga and Stalingrad it was commanded by field
marshal Feder van Bob on the Soviet side marshal yeremenko was appointed as
commander of the South Eastern Front and was ordered to plan the defense of
Stalingrad together with commissar Khrushchev the 62nd army was created for
the purpose of defending Stalingrad under the command of loot
general Vasily Chuikov operation foul Blau was planned for late May 1942 but
was delayed due to the second battle of Kharkov and the siege of Sevastopol
ultimately the Germans succeeded but lost time and were only able to start
the operation in late June by August 20th German
armies crossed the river Don and were at the doorstep of Stalingrad before the
armies engaged in Stalingrad the Soviet leadership ordered a shipment of grain
and cattle to be removed from the city but the civilian population of 400,000
was ordered to stay put initially the Axis forces had two hundred and seventy
thousand troops 500 tanks 600 aircraft and 3,000 artillery pieces against 190
thousand troops 400 tanks 300 aircraft and 2,200 artillery pieces commanded by
the Soviets in Stalingrad the Battle of Stalingrad started with heavy bombing of
the city by the most powerful air formation of the time Luftwaffe for the
air raid by the Germans on August 23rd led to the deaths of hundreds of
civilians the destruction of all wooden construction in the city and a firestorm
early on the Luftwaffe gained complete control over the air round Stalingrad
with the Soviets losing 201 aircraft in a mere eight days despite the German
advantage in the air and on the ground the Soviets were putting up inspired
resistance with the female and underage population of
bread building fortifications and trenches this resistance did not stop
German Army Group B reaching the north and south of Stalingrad by early
September a massive counter-offensive by the Soviet 24th and 66th armies against
the 14th Panzer Corps was defeated with help from the Luftwaffe the Soviets lost
30 tanks in this failed offensive a similar fate awaited the September 18th
counter-offensive with the Luftwaffe destroying more than 40 Soviet tanks by
September 12th the Soviet forces fell back into the city and a fierce battle
for each building and house started Stalin’s order two to seven made an
authorized retreat via course or military tribunal there was a not a step
back attitude and thousands of deserters were being executed these were among the
factors strengthening the Stalingrad defenders will to resist even more but
historians argue that it would be wrong to explain the will to fight by coercion
a large number of volunteers especially female volunteer fighters snipers and
nurses is good evidence of that reinforcements were constantly arriving
from the other side of the Volga strategic reserves from the Moscow area
and aircraft from across the country were transferred to the Stalingrad area
Stalingrad Steuben were fighting for each lost position in
an attempt to regain it as soon as possible
the Stalingrad railway station changing hands 14 times within six hours is a
perfect example of this the skirmishes within the city are very
hard to describe as they were extremely chaotic slow and indecisive the Germans
first took control over the heights around the city called mamaev kurakin
and lee sayanora remarkably three Soviet factories producing iron tractors and
t-34 tanks continued their production long into the German offensive the
fighting focused around these three objectives for months until the Germans
mostly took control of them in late October and stopped them from producing
goods the Soviets did their best to close in with the Germans in order to
prevent the latter from using artillery another factor in the city battle was
the use of snipers the Germans had more experienced snipers but the Soviets were
learning on the go and one of the most famous Soviet snipers Vassili Zaitsev
participated in the battle killing more than 200 enemies including ten snipers
Zaitsev managed to train more than three dozen snipers while the battle was
raging on this group constantly targeted German officers which became a major
issue for the commander of the German safe Army Paulus by the end of October
1942 the German army was in control of 90% of Stalingrad and reached the bank
of the volga the total air superiority of the Germans was one of the decisive
factors in this initial success from the sixteenth to the 25th of September the
Luftwaffe carried out up to 10,000 flying missions while the Soviet Air
Force carried out slightly more than 11,000 between July 17th and November
19th the onset of winter and intense resistance by the Soviets halted further
German advances one of the major weaknesses of the Germans was a very
thin frontline in Stalingrad the flanks of which were protected by troops from
German allies and satellites these men were less motivated lacked in arms and
were less prepared than the Germans calls for reinforcements were ignored as
a result in some areas stretches of 1 to 2 kilometers were protected by just 20
to 30 soldiers there was so much focus on Stalingrad that the Germans neglected
the consolidation of positions behind it requests by powerless to fall back and
consolidate positions behind the river dawn were rejected the symbolic
importance of Stalingrad was too high for Hitler and a withdrawal would be a
serious blow to Nazi propaganda by late autumn Soviet generals Zhukov and
Vasilevsky concentrated almost 800,000 men in the Stalingrad area in
preparation for a counter-offensive operation Uranus started on the 19th of
November 1942 with an attack by three armies under the command of general
Vatutin the operation aims to break through the thin German lines on two
sides and later merged these forces to achieve the encirclement of the German
troops the Soviet troops achieved this aim after four days on November 23rd the
6th German army comprising of 265 thousand personnel was encircled by the
Soviets despite the desperate situation of the 6th army Army Group a continued
its operations in the Caucasus until December 19th
soon it was in retreat and in no position to help the sick farming Army
Group dawn comprised of 22 divisions was formed under the command of Field
Marshal man-style to help out the 6th army man Stein convinced Hitler to not
order the 6th army to break out from encirclement assuring him that Army
Group Dawn would be able to save them if the Luftwaffe succeeded in supplying the
6th army by air edit the luftwaffe guru believed that
this would be possible this tactic proved to be disasterous
since the Luftwaffe did not have the capacity to supply a huge army including
the core of the 4th Panzer army which needed constant fuel for operation also
the Soviet Army targeted the air bases closest to Stalingrad from which the
supply flights were being made this decreased supplies for the encircled
safe army even further the German offensive to save the 6th army from
encirclement came as close as 48 kilometers from the thick farming but
eventually failed as well also partly due to the inaction of the 6th army the
situation was exacerbated by malnourishment among the German troops
due to lack of supplies surrender was the only option for the sick farming but
German High Command ordered them to resist as long as possible in an attempt
to draw the attention of the Soviet armies to Stalingrad Hitler’s last grasp
attempt to prevent the surrender of the 6th army was made on the 30th of January
1943 when he promoted general powerless to the rank of Field Marshal in the hope
that Paulus would not want to go down as the first surrendered Field Marshal in
German military history but malnourishment lack of ammunition
functional artillery and tanks led to the surrender of the 6th army On
February 2nd 1943 Stalingrad was the first major defeat for Nancy Germany in
Europe in the Second World War it forced the Nazi leadership to call the German
public to so-called total war in which all the resources of
the nation would be for ultimate military success this would
all prove to be in vain as the Soviet forces were caning momentum on the
Eastern Front and the British Army was defeating the Germans in North Africa
and preparing for landings in Italy together with its allies thank you for watching our video on the
Battle of Stalingrad we are planning to release more videos on modern history
and to cover the battles of the world wars these videos are made possible by
the patrons over on patreon and our YouTube sponsors the links for both are
in the description along with the URL for our merchandise store we are
grateful for all your support this is the kings and Generals Channel and we
will catch you on the next one

100 thoughts on “Battle of Stalingrad 1942-1943 – World War II DOCUMENTARY

  1. Sharing is still caring, please share this video. 🙂
    The video is, obviously, demonetized. Please, consider supporting us on Patreon: or via Paypal: Every little bit helps.

  2. I'm sorry, but I have to make a big correction. The left flank, held up by the Italian Alpini army held up until the 17th of January 1943. There were 3 major Soviet offences, after Uranus there was "little Saturn" and then "Ostrogozkh-Rossos" offensive, which gave the final blow. Please correct the mistake, because the Italian troops deserve to stay on the Don as they held up for months before being forced to brake through the Soviet encirclement.
    That said, I really appreciate the balanced view and the good summary of the battle and I support you and your channel for its awesome content.

  3. Le tre guerre mondiali sono state pianificate da oltre un secolo la sconfitta Nazifascista e' stata studiata a tavolino. La logica e' matematica

  4. barbarossa, blau, kursk, germany when are you gonna learn to start your campaigns on time, stop delaying until june!

  5. 3:30 TIK did a great video on stalins "no step back" order that shines light on this decision. Ik its easy to just spew propaganda but maybe try looking into it first.

  6. Guys, no disrespect…you are good. But u state Facts that have been repetaed several times by many standpoints. I think everything is already said about the historic Factors of Stalingrad. How about researching something rare like Gipsy War Heroes being decorated Soldiers in the Red Army fighting the Germas that slaughter their people, just cause they were different. Thats some interesting shit man!

  7. official info about numbers of people died there:
    ~ 1 100 000 of soviets
    ~ 900 000 of axis
    info from archaeologists :
    ~ 1 200 000 of soviet soldiers
    ~ 1 500 000 of axis soldiers

    what a fucking bloody meat grinder…

  8. Thankfully the Germans decided to invade Russia and not Britain. Will be a total different outcome for whole Europe and beyond

  9. A German blunder – made by Hitler! After world war one the Germans had known it better! The plan was to encircle Stalingrad but to attack Stalingrad was already a big mistake.

  10. Slavic Power! Greetings from Croatia. Many dont know that one of the first partisan movements in Europe started in Croatia exactly on 22 June 1941 despite handfull of fascihist Ustashe which were part of nazy ss atacking Stalingrad 1942 .

  11. You cannot talk about order 227 in one sentence. It was never an order 'shoot their own men'

  12. it was all the fault of the thick farming. too many tractors and too many farmers were always getting in the way. why were they still farming in the midst of a war?

  13. для любого народа который пойдет войной на русских автоматически означает поражение

  14. It was soviet armies who single handedly stop nazi invasion,the second most powerful country in ww2 after Germany is soviet,without soviet allied countries can't defeat nazis in 100 years

  15. Did the Soviet Red Army send troops into battle without rifles on a regular basis during WW2?

    No. There are numerous accounts of such instances but they are beyond the norm. I.e. Brest Fortress in 1941 and cities in Ukraine in 1941. The latter is attested to by Khrushchev who was participating in the defense and called Moscow to ask for more weapons.

    "…when the war began workers from the Leninskaya Kuznitsa and other plants and factories [in Kiev] asked us to give them weapons. They wanted to take their place on the front lines in support of the Red Army. We couldn't give them anything. I called Moscow. The only person I could talk with then was Malenkov. I called him: 'Tell us where we can get rifles. The workers are asking for rifles. They want to join the ranks of the Red Army and fight the Germans.'" According to Khrushchev many small arms were sent to Leningrad and Malenkov said: "Instructions are being given to forge your own weapons; forge spears and forge knives. You can fight the tanks with bottles filled with gasoline. Throw them and burn up the tanks.'" Memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev Volume 1: Commissar [1918-1945], 326-327.

    I would take Khrushchev's memoirs with a grain (or more) of salt as he has his own reasons for writing what he's written. But you can see here that there was a shortage of weapons for volunteers not so much soldiers. Instances when soldiers were short of weapons can also be found but their context needs to be analyzed. If you're talking about something like Brest Fortress, where Red Army forces were cut off, of course there will be issues with ammunition and weapons (and there they regularly turned to the dead, their own and the German, for whatever they could find).

    To my understanding this happened at the start of the eastern front, but was gradually undone as Soviet production and logistics improved

    It is most evident in 1941 than later in the war but, once again, it would depend on the situation and event you're discussing.

    Also, did the Soviets use barrier troops (troops behind the lines designated to summarily execute soldiers fleeing without order) regularly, and with regular units?

    Yes, they were used in the Winter War as well from what I recall. They were first used in the summer of 1941, if we're talking about 'The Great Patriotic War', and were created by Red Army commanders themselves and made up of trusted regular Red Army soldiers. It was only with order 227 during the battle for Stalingrad that the NKVD took over much of those responsibilities (blocking detachments). Their main job was to serve as a barrier for troops retreating without orders so that a larger unauthorized retreat could be avoided, executions of said troops was usually a last resort.

    Some more information on blocking detachments: "Blocking detachments had only small arms – rifles and pistols – and therefore were not considered tactical units. In fact, if the front lines broke during an attack, rather than gunning down fleeing soldiers, as myth would have it, blocking detachments usually fled in advance of the retreat. As the war dragged on, army commanders began to disband blocking detachments on their own initiative, preferring to let officers control their own men. Eventually, Stalin found out about this and issued an order in October 1944 stating, 'In connection with the change in the general situation at the front it is necessary to disband blocking detachments, which have fallen into disuse.' He insisted that all divisions disband their blocking detachments by 15 November and reassign the men to frontline units." Why Stalin's Soldiers Fought: The Red Army's Military Effectiveness in World War II by Roger R. Reese, 164.

    My research seems to indicate that these barrier troops were used only for penal regiments, and regular soldiers caught fleeing were executed after action.

    No, they were used with regular units as well, especially in 1941. As for soldiers caught fleeing, the majority of the time they were detained and returned to their units or reassigned. One example is the following:

    Всего за период с 1 октября 1942 года по 1 февраля 1943 года, по неполным данным особорганами фронта арестовано трусов и паникеров, бежавших с поля боя — 203 человека, из них:

    а) приговорено к ВМН и расстреляно перед строем 49 ч.

    б) осуждено к различным срокам ИТЛ и направлено в штрафные роты и б-ны 139 ч.

    This comes from the archives and gives limited information from the period of 1 October 1942 to 1 February 1943 on those arrested for cowardice, panic-mongering, and running away from the battlefield (this is for 6 armies making up the Don Front during the battle for Stalingrad, the 62nd Army, which defended the city itself, had the most arrests and executions). 203 in all, of which 49 were executed, while 139 were sent to penal companies and battalions.

  16. in regards to Hitlers wish that Paulus commit suicide, Paulos was a Catholic and refused. Hence his surrender. Also what is missing is that the Russian High Command offered the 6th Army the right to good treatment and that even the officers could keep there daggers if they surrendered before Christmas. This was rejected by Hitler and the result was that only a handful of the 6th Army ever made it back to Germany, prisoners some ten years after the war had ended.

  17. I think its unfair to reduce Hitler's decision to keep Stalingrad occupied as "for military propaganda".
    Leaving Stalingrad to be occupied by the Russians would nullify months of German fighting and deaths.
    They had to reinforce the flanks but not leave the damn city they fought so hard to control.

  18. "Drake?
    Where's the Romanian 4th Army?
    It's right there, see I drew their positions out with magic marker.
    You were supposed to use them to protect the flanks of the attack on Stalingrad!
    Dude I'm gonna!
    Oh really?
    So go get the Romanians.
    Ok I will.
    gets encircled
    Oh I see the problem now."

  19. Der Lehrer fordert Tim auf einen Satz zu bilden mit "Stalingrad".
    Tim antwortet: "Mein Vater hat seinen neuen BMW eben erst geparkt da kam ein Türke und Stalingrad."

  20. You didnt mention anything about the German attack in the Balkans and the occupation of it.

    This video suggests that there was never a campaign, and that is sad, because, especially in Greece, major battles there were fought in world war 2 with a lot of casualties (Greece suffered more than 400,000 casualties during the occupation, and the country's Jewish community was almost completely exterminated in the Holocaust).

  21. actually, the reason hitler promoted paulus to the rank of field marshal was so he would kill himself before being captured, it was a secret message that paulus understood but by then he had lost all of the respect that he had for hitler, so he didn't do it

  22. This is the best video on Stalingrad to date. Stalingrad itself has a really interesting history outside of the military significance it had in WW2. Originally named by the Tartars living in the region it became a trading post thanks to its convenient geographical position. As a trading post it attracted all kinds of people, many of them foreigners, most notably a lot of Germans.

  23. Don't talk bogus on Order No 227…
    During the entire month of September there have been 13 executions recorded and around 1100 arrests.
    With "leaving the combat" the city of Stalingrad itself is meant, and not the fighting itself. Those 1100 tried to leave the city and thus were apprehended. Afterwards around 20 got into prison, 13 were executed as said and the rest were put back in their respective units.
    If you bothered with actually reading Order 227 you would see that it is a report on the situation and an appeal, that looks very much copied from several of Peter the Greats statements two hundred years previously.

  24. Not Caucasus, especially, Baku. There was no oil resources in Caucasus other than Baku atthat time. Also, little amount of oil in Grozny, North Caucasus.

  25. We forget in the West the struggles and the fight of the Russian army against the nazis no sea to protect them and sit behind its was a different last stand for them and probably more desperate.respect

  26. Why the German stop at Stalin grad and not March straight towards Moscow before winter?
    That truly is Germany flaws in its battle plan, but still economic might of the allies still gonna win the war anyway.

  27. i should be noted that tobruk was held by the australians under Gen Moreshead. It was only lost when the brittish took over

  28. All Europe should thank Russia..because if not Russia in ww2…99.9% of the European population are speaking German now 😀

  29. Glory to Soviet Soldiers who dedicated selflessly for the victory and liberation of its nation and many other as well!!!

  30. Should of never went into Stalingrad. All they had to do was secure the Volga just south of the city and boom its done, no reason to fight a attrition war for 4 mouths and lose the war. Fall blau was a plan made for success, it could of been easily done if the original plan was kept in place. Rush the 3rd panzer division to the Caspian sea cutting off the Caucasus from mainland russia, and then hitting Gronzy from behind which with the main bulk of almost all the Soviet divisions in the area were stuck in the mountains fighting off both insurgents and Wehrmacht. This would mean most of Gronzys Oil feilds would be functional and the soviet divisions trapped in the mountains giving Makhachkala which has oil refinrys to the Germans. Thus the Soviet counterattack wouldn't be as successful and would likely fail because the Germans are strong and the front line makes operation Uranus impossible since the Germans have the Volga.

  31. Amazing video! Thank you so much for your hard work and attention to detail! I would also recommend the channel Eastory to anyone interested in this sort of overview of the eastern front of the 2nd World War. You can find incredibly detailed content there too.

  32. One of the best, if not the best history channels out there. You might be the reason I fail my exams though. Nonetheless, keep up the great work!

  33. Western idiots:
    1. But..but..Soviet Union win because of da winter…
    2. Hitler don't let his generals to make decision
    3. Other stupid arguments

  34. i turned on the subtitle english
    its hilarious that everytime the narrator said "NAZI Germany" the text appeared "Nancy Germany"

  35. There is one small but critical error here, Field Marshal Manstein was very much in favor of breaking through the Soviet encirclement as soon as possible, contrary to what is claimed in this video. Please refer to 'Lost Victories' by Manstein and the Russian documentary series called 'Soviet Storm – Stalingrad'. Manstein in fact, tried to break the encirclement from outside but General Paulus wasn't in favor of defying Hitler's orders and therefore, did not attempt a breakthrough when he still had the time and energy to do so, this sticking to Hitler's idiotic orders of "no retreat" settled the fate of the German sixth army in Stalingrad and later many such similar incidents took place along the entire front.

  36. I sincerely love your shows but watching this episode, in particular, made me realize how simplified version of history you show. This is only an introduction of this episode but 0:43 shows only half of Poland before the war creating the impression the eastern part was already conquered by the Soviet Union or belonged to this country before the war (western parts of modern Ukraine and Belarus and south of Lituania). Yes, Poland stood for 4 weeks but fighting against 2 enemies. In fact, II world war was started by Nazi Germany that attacked Poland on the 1st of September 1939 from the west and the Soviet Union on 17th/09 – from the east. This fact is so often forgotten and it's so important for the outcome and aftermath of the war.

  37. This is a really well made video. It takes into account all aspects of the Battle. However, I believe that there is a teeny little mistake that may have been made – the command of 'Army Group B (Volga)' was relieved (von Bock) and replaced by Maximilian von Weichs. You may want to check that out 🙂

  38. Big flaw here. You dont say "confident grip of Nazi Germany". You say grip of Germany. As you would not say Democratic Norway for example.

  39. The nazy should control the river in stalingrad before zhukov and vasilievsky come to battle
    Use the mine, bomb and ship to cut down enemy support in volga is more easy manytime in fighting in city land

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *