Exhibition Video: Discovering American Indian Art

we’re very excited your concerned to know have this week exhibition and i think the title discovering
american indian part says it all uh… we wish to convey to the music uh… and understanding and appreciation
of the diversity credible artistic ability of the native american
people’s her north america this is partisans fundamental mission which is
to develop awareness and an appreciation of the earth and its people so this district clearly into it were also extremely appreciative of the
on a couple who loaders these pieces from their
collection uh… craig heller deep about interested
in the subject and they’re excited the suggestion uh… share that uh… with the public it’s been a huge success uh… lenin’s sprinkled with here uh… persistent classes as well so it’s it’s really exciting educational
experience we’re very appreciative and a very
fortunate got to have to scholars on the department had apology faculty who’ve served as curator’s of this
exhibition uh… selecting the piece is writing the
labels and and clearly i think conveying are
called seeds that it uh… has to say uh… doctor my clothing and a doctor gerald troll will be taking
you through this uh… exhibition and focusing on some of their uh… favorite pieces and pieces of
significance uh… the exhibit uh… that we carry uh… is drawn from a remarkable private
collection uh… amassed over a period of some
thirty years by it very adventuresome couple uh… in tennessee when invited uh… to curate the exhibit uh… general show and i were confronted
with a number of problems first uh… the title of the that and we chose discovering american indian
art and this reflects the couple’s uh…
lateral journey discoveries they traveled throughout the united states and canada uh… purchasing items from dealers
uh… native american artist so discover and american indian art is
reflection of their travels and their educational growth and
the material culture of north america’s indian peoples approximately seventy five optics are opened for public viewing the exhibit moreover dropper shoreline i weren’t
charged with developing various scenes three which the pieces in the exhibit could be a
best displayed in interpreted by the viewing public there are six
primary themes in the exhibit uh… the first of users you can see in this map behind us uh… reflecting the great cultural
diversity of native american art your own yet uh… doctor logan is referring to know how i
cant apologists a uh… organize uh… uh… information
about american indians and largely this is done in terms of work all culture
areas and there are attend generally recognized cultures in native north america and the collection represents all of
those uh… culture as some uh… of course are better represented
than others and then once we have a right identified
on the cd uh… different culture as then we
selected pieces from the question to reflect uh… other things so these
themes going from artistic diversity raw materials contact and trade beadwork functional roles and lastly indigenous
ation uh… determine are mine the sense of completion to the amounts
to a person of the man for all time natural items on the flight and the
reason though that my dad that the uh… the
items in the exhibit uh… uh… most of them the from the uh…
twentieth-century right in the collection there are some very
fine piece is that uh… date to the nineteenth century the
earliest material in these are the dates to around the eighteen twenties there are a few items from the uh…
eighteen sixties eighteen eighties and then uh… more contemporary materials uh… from the uh… uh… twentieth century when doctor logan and i constructed is
that what we want to do uh… have the viewer i get a sense of
the context how the objects and analyst for this
reason and that we included a historical photographs of where we could
alongside the exhibits and that many of these photographs uh… were done by uh… edward curtis
in the early part of the twentieth century views pretty famous for photographing american
insert throughout the western united states unfortunately here at the
university there is a uh… complete uh… collection of his portfolio photographs which we were able to borrow
from the museum and incorporate those uh… alongside the objects o uh… a person viewing united can
actually see how a native person my views that a object or warn that object
or the context of the use of that object and i think this adds a great deal to
the uh… to the uh… experience of the of that they’re all too frequently and exhibits
uh… you live the human dimension you have natural things from on walls they set their silent and we wanted incorporate these historic
photographs uh… to bridge the measure all items to
the people’s who produce to use them and i think many times the cases and that we have here with photographs
do exactly that uh… navajo weaver at her home and then the strong powder
navajo rug uh… recent criminal code of conduct
and and and plains indian holding a sacred five points on the one hundred so not control and i’m phil in uh… quite good about the ability to
integrate the human element into the through use of these uh… photographs is one thing is abundantly clear you do in
the items contained in this example and that is the exceptional diverse
range of natural items used by the native
peoples simply consider three bags this plot to a bag lakota pipe buried and the met matt bag
over here exceptionally diverse although they all
held in functional role quite similar in that of story these were containers yet the artistic treatment highly
diverse on each three of these items of virtually all native american
people’s manufactured their baskets and of course the cherokee people here in the southeast with some made
some of the finest basket so that we know of any and to the the day
they continue to uh… uh… make these basket so this is a fairly contemporary co was call a double
we’ve basket where there’s actually two walls to the basket these are very very funny made and uh… people at the day’s as i said continue
to make the same and they can even be purchased uh… by
people who uh… are interested and quieting things like this the first thing has to do with tough uh… the raw material from which uh…
different uh… uh… artifacts are are constructed this
would include things like ivory and phone and uh… on that wall stone and and variety of raw materials the sacred plight uh… this is they look older specimen dating to about eighteen seventy decorator would die porcupine quills redlands mallard uh… dot feathers and then the bowl the pipe is made of
kaplan i tape red colored stone current in southern minnesota we have the two pieces of the pipes
separate when joining they become sacred and with
the rising smoke the prayers of the people are carried to
the upper sky world indians in the southeast part of the
united states became eminently skilled in the
construction of claws sheriffs dresses and skirts much of the material they acquired from
items discarded by whites they would recap them and then very
carefully so them together somewhat patchwork stop to make these uh… beautiful and very
very distinctive forms of dress as we see here and this shirt uh… dating to about
nineteen forty and this is sentinels in origin native americans are on the northwest
coast of the of north america uh… manufactured capes and baskets and uh… have such as this sounds bruce
a group or cedar park and of course uh… the northwest coast
being a very rainy these hats uh… uh… were very useful in some cases as shown in the car is
image the hats were painted uh… and the uh… images painted on the house represents a
crests or spirits that were associated with
that particular social groups amongst the
hyatt data link it kwok you’ll and other uh…
people of the northwest coast next part of the senate has to do with um… contact with the contact and trade
and uh… as doctor logan myself about study
can uh… of radio obviously when native americans uh…
were in contact with one another so they acquired raw materials and different ideas about the
construction and style a different obvious from one
another and of course once uh… european contact occurred uh… then native americans also began
to borrow uh… ideas and borrow uh… things from
uh… from europeans uh… almeida for the people’s
constructed elaborate costumes and rest for a very a ceremonial purposes in this case we have a uh… young lady
from the uh… uh… you mattel a tribe of uh… uh… the columbia plateau region in the
northwestern part of north america his she’s wearing a wedding veil over
the top of her head and here we have an example of awaiting bill that’s for sure
identical to the one shown in the car is ah… what makes this a particularly
interesting object is all the different materials that were gathered of both the uh…
locally available materials as well as materials that were uh… purchased or uh… uh… traded
for to construct this fail so for example includes uh… glass trade beads and then these white
dent alien shells these these are type of uh… uh… shell that a soprano in the end
northwestern part of north america and then we have these uh… calorie
shells that would have been traded and and then
there are uh… some little teeny tiny uh… brass
bells and then these various round objects one
of those is a chinese calling and the others are brasser arcade tokens that were acquired uh… by the uh… native people in the
to uh… helped construct this uh… wedding veil belgrade ingenuity native american artists of taking items uh… gathered through so purchase or
trade and then the utah as you know consistent with their own culture and
artistic traditions we’re apart of this morning though we have a a number of sewing temples
that have been perforated and strong uh… forty courtroom purposes on this
morning that nak uh… of our themes tis the beadwork
plus being sought perhaps more so than any other trained eyes enjoyed the greatest value among native
americans beads and quietly were trip from italy to respond across the atlantic uh… to the united
states and then shipped out west and trading variety of different venues uh… to indian peoples lee women and these trouble nations became eminently skill at uh… this craft of
applying beans glass beads uh… to various colleges or later uh… to trade cloth soviet working as something that you’ve
seen and virtually all of the closure areas mathematica uh… here we have uh… two are what are referred to as a hot the
prospects in the uh… uh… the reason they’re called octopus
pages because uh… as you can see in the competitors that they have these long tabs and they hits a reminds people
of uh… delays of or not because of course are
actually eight of them because there’s two behind uh… when and where people start
calling them octopus bags is not quite known but uh… bags like this were thought to
originally been them a data for and that the long tabs represent where the uh…
uh… legs of the animal were left on the back and then of course in contact earned contact rate one
native american start making these out of uh… clock they continued that design of course uh… use cloth and beads
dashing manufacturer the object and what’s interesting about these that
particular kinds of bags is that they apparently were first uh… uh… made it in the eastern north
america and in the style of an idea uh… the bags uh… of doctor lovell
we’ll talk about diffused across most of north america yet as an artifact type of these bags are extremely interesting they appear
first him uh… historic ridiculous of uh… whites observing india’s with
these very distinctive diaper bags in the installation of canada in the sixteen hundreds uh… with the expansion of the for
trade further west and north of through canada this travel bag diffused from group to
group eventually going into uh… southern alaska and these bags here a tribute to this
point it uh… southern alaska the there as the bags of course uh… or they idea
the bags diffuse across the northern north
america each native group added its own distinctive touches so that mama follies bags can be
recognized to a specific uh… uh… ethnic group uh… and and for example the reason we know that
particular this bag is twenty k is because of the very distinctive fraud
motif and also some of the characteristics of the detail of the way
the bead work is done which is very distinctive to twenty cats so even though the bags all look
superficially the same uh… there are fairly easy to recognize uh… as to what part of north america
and they were uh… originally constructed functional roles is another of our primary unsub things in the
exhibit by functional roles such things as
utilitarian roles uh… storage bags or baskets uh… ritual items or ceremonial items
here the exquisite pieces of uh… northwest
coast of wooden masks uh… religion uh… been native
american church gender status uh… even toys played a prominent roll
in socializing children and uh… v activities associated with their daily life is
adult this is a spectacular specimen create uh… eastern canada uses a hood uh… for a woman it would be worn out
on a daily basis but for only special occasions there
waiting for example amount of work are required to decorate
this indeed of is really hard for me to
adequately uh… exploring convey it took the uh… constantly skilled
beads worker uh… thousands of hours of uh… daily work uh… to complete this uh… spectacular
beaded hood of these moccasins with the beauty of
souls uh… common among the local river was
consumed are known as honoree moccasins of the woman who created the want to see extra step of being the sole were work additional work was that you have to look to the person
who receive these as a gift list of from honoring
moccasins extra work to be work is honoring recipient of these markets and many historic terror that i’ve seen uh… shows signs of wear we also have
photographs of man are worrying these types of
moccasins uh… with this all the people told this is a uh… particularly interesting
northwest coast at uh… that’s a tribute to the uh… then that the
people as you can see it’s made out of uh…
woven and cedar bark and then will one uh… into the pattern of
having these uh… he needs is a way also these are called mucking because they were first observed by
james cook when he visited the northwest coast in
the late eighteenth century and eighty five in a moment keno was
wearing one and they’ve been known as uh… has uh… mccain and sarah says and then the image
here is an actual eighteenth-century up degrading associated with the uh… uh… cook expedition that was done by a
man a man john webber he was the artist with a cook expedition here you can see in oakville woman wearing a hat for the
late eighteenth century that’s for sure identical to the hat here that we have
on display that was made in the end nineteen seventy five pwrwoman northwest coast people are famous for
their uh… construction of of riding a ever mass that they use in ceremonies and and healing and a variety of other out uh… kinds of activities and of course when the europeans first
uh… came to the northwest coast uh… the they deserved a native people making
and using these massive very elaborate ways over the course of uh… a contact in
particularly uh… in the and nineteenth and early twentieth century of the
canadian government was very concerned about the activities that native people were using how these
mass and and the ebay en masse on ebay and many of the uh… ceremonies and it
was in the early twentieth century that uh… mass makers like uh… willy
seaweed and uh… mongol martin and others began to revitalize the mass making
tradition and of course today than it is shown by
this mask and others in the exit a contemporary native americans in that the northwest coast make these
mass and of course mostly their use now for a decorative purposes although many of the uh… ceremonies and the
traditions at the master were once used and have also been
revitalized this particular mask is uh… as a part of the a winner ceremonial
uh… activities of the uh… of the kwok utl people and this is part of what our sometimes
referred to as campbell dances in this particular umass represents a campbell istic bird and and the bird has is very long beak
so as literally the calm down and uh… hamari persons i head open and he the persons brains these these
ceremonies are largely initiation ceremonies that are
conducted uh… during the uh… of the winter months a
part of the costume in the using this mass is that the mask there the where
would literally put this over his head you can see the cedar bark this would
cover his head and shoulders and he’d be wearing a caper costume
privately that call for cedar bark and then d the bigger the masses at actually move
also it can move up and down and of course individual wearing a mask as well as
many other people wearing similar massive right about our man sitting
ceremonies would literally carry these things
around and can that very elaborate uh… dances and ceremonies and that there are
uh… numerous historical accounts of how spectacular these were and how in
many ways they were uh… scary and uh… uh… very uh… uh…
animated so that uh… uh… people uh… really enjoyed this uh… as well
as uh… uh… participate in these important uh…
ceremony this is a possible bag uh… that term uh… refers to vocoder phrase a bad for every possible
thing was used to store personal possessions this bag is particularly interesting at
least in nineteen ninety and was made by medical doctor by the
name of com artists the airlock loader the big working that we see here
faithfully copies in earlier tradition where and scenes of battles were abated
onto garments uh… to pipe bag so to shield covers here we see him anuar lakota lawyer was
the father bonnet mounted on his horse charging an enemy and we know the ethnic
identity or tribal identity of the displaying an army uh… he is a croat the pompadour hair
style salute stahl necklace and then the lower panel leggings has should also point out the forces
tale has been bob and that was a universal symbol on the
plan is that the man riding that horse was on the war path this bag shows very forcefully that
indian peoples here are very much with us today they have filed all cultures
and their artistic traditions uh… continue strong and there’s the allows the of the six is indigenous vation this is a process whereby native peoples
would borrow items and ideas from whites and then incorporate them into their own
culture and freeze them aesthetically according
to their own tribes traditions this is a spectacular specimen of all the pieces on exhibit is this is
perhaps my favorite it’s a small best for a young lakota
boyd and is in a moment to see readily it is embellished with american flag this is eight paradoxes of uh… great
proportion simply ask why would a press peoples american indians specifically the lakota
or western suit why would they incorporate the
preeminent symbol of their oppressor the u_s_ government and the army and incorporate that stumble into their
applied ethnic art art historians have suggested that the
flag represents the ongoing warrior image i disagree uh… this was made in eighteen ninety the very last thing the woman who made
this for her young child would want to convey two white power holders is that bozo young boy his family were hostile
to the government rather this symbolize the indians who
deeply zire to live to co-exist peacefully with
whites certainly paradoxical eighteen nineteen this is a year that the army slaughtered uh… so many innocent indians at
wounded knee we’re very excited here continues into have receipt exhibition uh… and i think the title discovering
american indian part says it all we wish to convey to the news and
visitor uh… and understanding and appreciation
of the diversity and the incredible artistic ability of of the native
american people’s of north america this is part of the museum’s fundamental mission which is to develop an awareness an
appreciation of the earth and it’s people’s so this fits very clearly into
it we’re also extremely appreciative of the
on couple who loaders these pieces from their
collection uh… they haven’t deep abiding interest
in the subject and we’re very excited when when we
suggested that uh… the share that uh… with with the public huge success we’ve had been any schoolchildren in
here uh… university students in classes as
well cells it’s it’s at least exciting educational
experience i hope you enjoyed this uh… presentation of rediscovering american
india art uh… this is the type of exhibition at
the present does uh… three times a year all of them
uh… designed to to meet our nation uh… to educate the public and develop
a awareness and a deeper appreciation of the world and it’s uh… many many diverse cultures in people’s uh… canoes and is uh… on the university of tennessee campus
it’s free and open to the public and we’re opened three hundred and fifty
seven days out of the year we have both permanent and temporary exhibitions and
you’ll find to be ethically asbury meaningful student yes jet

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